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Military

© 2014 Sherwo0d One Name Group

Medieval Soldiers


The Universities of Reading and Southampton have analysed sources such as muster rolls held by the National Archives at Kew. It included in this are several Sherwood listed as ‘Armed archer’ or ‘Man-at-Arms’.


19th Century


During the Napoleonic era 1799-1805 there are 12 known Sherwoods and 1 Shearwood with another 10 Sherwoods listed between 1800 and 1853.


3 Sherwoods appear in the service records during the Crimean conflict between 1853-1856.


There was at least 1 involved in the Indian Mutiny in 1857.


During Victorian times, 1857-1899, there were several conflicts and 31 Sherwoods and 3 Shearwoods are known to have taken part.  


The Boer Wars 1899-1902 list include over 50 Sherwoods.  


From WWI to now


The list for the first World War period 1914-1920 names over 400 Sherwoods and another 35 or so Shearwoods, and 78 known individuals were in service in the inter war years.

The number listed for the Second Word War is less,  just over 330 individual Sherwoods and 19 Shearwoods.


Post war the list contains 63 Sherwoods. This includes 3 known females, 2 of which were in the RAF, the other in the Navy at Portsmouth for a short time.

It would seem that in every conflict there was a Sherwood!

Most WWI attestation papers were lost but where they exist they provide useful information on the soldiers concerned.

GREAT BRITAIN

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

AUSTRALIA

CANADA

Similarly Sherwoods have been involved in the major American wars, including: The Revolutionary War  (1775–1783), War of 1812 (1812–1815), Mexican American and Early Indian Wars (1846–1848), Civil War (1861–1865) and the Spanish-American War (1898).


Many American soldiers were Sherwoods involved in WWI and there were Sherwoods at the attack on Pearl Harbor on the 7 December 1941, which led to the United States' entry into World War II.


The name has also occurred more recently in records of the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

The National Archives holds records about service in the Australian defence forces from Federation in 1901. Here was one Sherwood from Australia Fred R Sherwood, [Regimental No.1413] joined 29-1-1902 - listed in the Boer War: 1899–1902


Records and over 50 Sherwoods in World War I and a further 200 plus in World War II are also listed.

The National Archives of Canada hold service files of the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force. This lists nearly 100 Sherwoods.


Only the files for those who died in service during the Second World War are open to the public and are grouped as a collection and not indexed, so we do not have numbers.